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Particle size analysis of material removed during CO2 laser scabbling of concrete for filtration design



Lobo LM, Williams K, Johnson EP, Spencer JT

This article examines the particles formed during optimized laser scabbling of concrete in order to help determine an effective filtration strategy for the process. The laser scabbling technique has been developed for noncontact removal of radioactive contaminated surface concrete layers. Surface layer removal is effected using a high power carbon dioxide laser beam to generate stresses in the substrate (caused by temperature gradients and dehydration) which break up the surface. The material removed will be contaminated with radionuclides and its efficient collection must be ensured to prevent the escape of radioactive contaminated particles. The filtration methods selected depend on the size of the particles produced and transport characteristics in an airflow. The particles removed were examined using a laser diffraction particle sizer (for particles below 80 mum physical diameter) and sieving (above 150 mum physical diameter) to determine the particle size distribution. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) analysis was used to identify the components present. The study found that particles removed were constituents of the parent concrete, there were no signs of melting and a small volume fraction (less than 1%) of sub-100 mum physical particle diameter. Particles with aerodynamic diameters under 100 mum are airborne and those between 1 and 30 mum are inhaled into the thoracic and bronchial tracts and lungs. Efficient filtration is required to capture these particles. However, filtration is difficult in the 0.1-1 mum aerodynamic diameter range, which comprises only 0.02% by volume of the removed material. It is considered that laser scabbling of concrete using this method will produce no additional risks than the use of other surface removal mechanisms. (C) 2002 Laser Institute of America

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