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LASeRpapers - recent papers of the Laser group

Laser Percussion Drilling of Aerospace Material using a 10kW Peak Power Laser using a 400 Ám Optical Fibre Delivery System.

Paper 503, ICALEO 2003, Jacksonville, Fl, USA, Oct 13-16

P. W. French, M. Naeem, & K.G. Watkins.
University of Liverpool, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Liverpool, L69 3GH, UK. p.french@liv.ac.uk
GSI Lumonics Ltd, Cosford Lane, Swift Valley, Rugby, CV21 1QN, UK naeemm@GSILumonics.com

Abstract: Modern aerospace gas turbines require large numbers of small diameter holes ( < 1 mm ) to provide cooling in the turbine blades, nozzle guide vanes, combustion chambers and afterburner. A typical modern engine will have ~ 100,000 such holes. Drilling these cooling holes by Nd-YAG laser is now well established. Such holes can be successfully produced by laser trepanning, but this is a relatively slow process compared with laser percussion drilling both drilling techniques are performed using direct free space mirror delivery system. The aerospace industry would like to move to a fibre optic delivery system, but the only fibres capable of carrying the high peak powers involved are 600 Ám core fibres with the associated poor beam and poor hole quality. By reducing the peak power of the laser and careful control of laser pulse and drilling parameters useful hole with good hole quality can be achieved. This paper investigates these parameters using a GSI Lumonics new JK700 series laser with a 400 Ám optical fibre delivery system.

Download a pdf copy of this paper ( 1.6 MB )